Test p 100 propionate

Betamethasone dipropionate was patented by Merck in 1987 as an augmented cream/lotion, Diprolene in the ., and Disprosone in Europe. [7] These patents expired in 2003 and 2007 respectively leading to generic production of betamethasone dipropionate. During this time other topical corticosteroids such as triamcinolone acetonide and clobetasol propionate also became available as generic creams. Merck filed for "pediatric exclusivity" in 2001 launching a clinical trial to prove betamethasone dipropionate's safety and efficacy for use in pediatrics. [8]

The most common side effect of topical corticosteroid use is skin atrophy. All topical steroids can induce atrophy, but higher potency steroids, occlusion, thinner skin, and older patient age increase the risk. The face, the backs of the hands, and intertriginous areas are particularly susceptible. Resolution often occurs after discontinuing use of these agents, but it may take months. Concurrent use of topical tretinoin (Retin-A) % may reduce the incidence of atrophy from chronic steroid applications. 30 Other side effects from topical steroids include permanent dermal atrophy, telangiectasia, and striae.

Leukotriene modifiers include LTRAs and leukotriene inhibitors, which both act as anti-inflammatory medications. LTRAs block leukotriene receptors, whereas leukotriene inhibitors block the production of 5-lipoxygenase. The two LTRAs licensed in the United States are montelukast (Singulair) and zafirlukast (Accolate). LTRAs may be used as monotherapy for mild persistent asthma, but are considered second-line agents based on the EPR-3 10 and GINA guidelines. 30 For mild to moderate asthma, the risk of exacerbation is approximately 50% less in patients prescribed an inhaled corticosteroid compared with those prescribed an LTRA. 15 A 2014 Cochrane review found an LABA plus inhaled corticosteroid to be modestly superior to an LTRA plus inhaled corticosteroid in adults with inadequately controlled asthma. 26 LTRAs are best used to improve pulmonary function in patients with aspirin-sensitive asthma 31 and to decrease symptoms in exercise-induced bronchospasm. 32 , 33 They should also be considered in patients with mild persistent asthma who prefer not to use inhaled corticosteroids. Although LTRAs generally have few adverse effects, physicians should be aware of rare case reports of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss syndrome), psychiatric symptoms, hypertriglyceridemia, angioedema, urticaria, and glomerulonephritis. 34

Test p 100 propionate

test p 100 propionate


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